What is stonemasonry?
Stonemasonry is the creation of buildings, sculptures and structures by shaping rough pieces of rock from the earth into shapes. These rock shapes, which can be simple or complex, can then be arranged into different structures, as needed. Some famous examples of stonemasonry include the Taj Mahal, the Easter Island statues, the Egyptian Pyramids and Stonehenge.
What types of rock can be used for stonemasonry?
In general, there are a few main types of rock that can be used in stonemasonry. Igneous stones, such as granite, are typically used for structures that require increased strength and durability. These are the hardest types of stone used, so they work well for countertops, flooring and breakwaters. Metamorphic stones, such as marble, are softer, and thus easier to work with to create different structures. These generally white stones are typically used for carving statues because of their easy workability. In some cases, slate can also be used for stonemasonry projects because of its unique properties. Slate can be split into thin sheets that can be used to cover a variety of surfaces.
What are the different types of stonemasonry?
There are many different types of stonemasonry specialties that focus on creating specific types of structures or sculptures.
- Fixer Masonry fixes the stones directly onto the buildings using grouts, mortars, lifting tackle, epoxy resins, mastics or modern cements.
- Rubble Masonry arranges roughly shaped stones in mortar for structures or buildings.
- Ashlar Masonry uses cut stones to create structures or buildings.
- Stone Veneer Masonry uses stone veneers as a protective or decorative coating for interior or exterior surfaces.
- Slipform Masonry creates walls from stone using formwork to keep the walls straight by holding the rocks and mortar together. Slipform masonry walls typically consist of an outer stonework surface supported by reinforced concrete and rebar for strength.
How does stonemasonry work?
Stonemasonry is more complicated than it seems which requires an experienced team to make sure it is done correctly. The general process starts with splitting the rock so blocks of stone can be extracted from the ground. Then, the rough-cut blocks are cut into the required size. Next, masons work the stones into the right shape that is required by the design of the building or structure. Finally, fixer masons attach the stones onto the building or structure with lifting tackle, mortar, grout, cement, mastic, or epoxy resins.
Contact Authentic Stone Creations for your next stonemasonry project!
As previously mentioned, stonemasonry requires specialized skills and expertise in order to complete the project correctly. Luckily, Authentic Stone Creations has years of experience creating stonemasonry structures and buildings for our clients in Lexington, Kentucky. Our team works one-on-one with you to determine your exact needs and wants for your stonemasonry project. We work with stone and cultured stone to create new stone masonry construction or to repair existing stonemasonry construction. Whether you have a simple project or a more detailed project, our passion for stone masonry will help us create a beautiful stone structure or building for your home or business. Contact us today to set up an appointment and free estimate for your stonemasonry project.